What is hepatitis C?
Hepatitis C is a liver inflammation caused by the HCV virus. Many people with hepatitis C virus in their blood at first (sometimes, even within several years) do not even suspect they are infected. The disease is often asymptomatic. The virus is transmitted through the blood. Infection occurs, e.g. due to use of common non-sterile medical needles. Unprotected sexual intercourses are also unsafe, as they can cause micro-cracks. If one of the partners has hepatitis, it is necessary to use condoms. Though the probability of infection is small (about 5 %). It is also possible to get infected during transfusion of donor blood infected with HCV (about 5 %). There is a danger to get infected in a dentist office, tattoo studio, nail bar, on the operation table, if instruments were not properly disinfected.
This virus is very stable — it can live in external environment up to 4 days. It dies in a half an hour at temperature of 60 °С. In 2 minutes in boiling water. The virus is transmitted from mother to child during childbirth very rarely — in about 5 % of cases. The virus is not transmitted through hugs, kisses, household utensils.
Hepatitis C symptoms
This disease has no prominent symptoms. It slowly destroys the liver and subsequently the whole body. After all, the liver is one of the most important organs. Without it, the immune system could not work; without the liver, one can get seriously poisoned only by drinking a glass of milk. The liver is a complex of waste treatment facilities of the body. All we eat and drink go through this filter. It absorbs useful micronutrients from food, which provides our body with energy. It purifies blood and processes harmful substances, including alcohol, preservatives.
Why is hepatitis C dangerous?
Hepatitis C is aimed at affecting the liver, as it multiplies there. The first 6 months after infection are called acute phase. The body tries to destroy the virus. However, in 85 % of cases, the disease transfers into a chronic form. During this period, a serious liver damage begins. The patient can feel fatigue, anxiety, muscle pain, depression. Nevertheless, the patient often does not feel the disease development, though the liver continues to be destroyed. Hepatitis C inevitably leads to fibrosis, and then to liver cirrhosis or cancer. Scientists have found that hepatitis C develops faster in elderly people, smoking men, those who drink alcohol even in moderate quantities.
lethal outcomes from hepatitis are caused precisely by hepatitis B or C
years are the period of liver cirrhosis development in chronic hepatitis C
of chronic viral hepatitis C cases are treatable providing the proper treatment
Appointment for the consultation by a hepatologist of the REGENERATION Clinic
The hepatologist will prescribe an examination aimed at confirming or refuting the diagnosis, examining the liver. When establishing the diagnosis, related specialists may be involved
After receiving the analysis results confirming the presence of hepatitis C, the patient is prescribed an individual treatment regimen aimed at virus eliminating and treating of liver fibrosis/cirrhosis. If hepatitis C is not confirmed, additional tests may be prescribed to identify the cause of the patient’s poor health
The attending physician conducts regular monitoring of the treatment dynamics, and if necessary, adjusts the treatment regimen to achieve a positive result