Hepatitis B is an inflammatory liver disease triggered by the penetration of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) into the body. This virus is dangerous because it not only kills liver cells (like hepatitis C), thus leading to liver cirrhosis, but, in case of prolonged presence in the human body, can provoke a number of autoimmune processes, that is, the occurrence of liver cancer.
How is hepatitis transmitted?
The main ways of hepatitis B transmission are the use of insufficiently sterilised medical equipment (e.g. in the dental office, in surgery), nail bars. Many cases of infection occur among drug addicts due to the common use of syringes. The route of transmission through unprotected sexual intercourse (if the recipient has micro-cracks) is also relevant for hepatitis B. A relatively low percentage of hepatitis B infection is from mother to child during childbirth.
Diagnosis of hepatitis B in most cases occurs accidentally (when undergoing liver tests during treatment or prevention of other diseases). If the patient has the first complaints (rapid fatigability, depression, weakness, liver pain, etc.), it indicates the advanced process of the disease and the presence of early stages of liver cirrhosis. For diagnosis/exclusion of hepatitis B, a blood test should be taken for ALT and AST (liver tests), HBs-antigen and anti-HCB-core.
Viral hepatitis B treatment
The existing modern therapy of chronic hepatitis B is not able to lead to a complete recovery of the patient in most cases (in contrast to hepatitis C). However, treatment is compulsory. Its goal is to transfer the hepatitis B virus from the active phase into a resting one to avoid liver cirrhosis/cancer in the patient and infection of other people. The treatment process can last 1–2 years (depending on the individual features of the body). The treatment uses the most advanced developments of tableted antiviral drugs, which allows the patient to lead a habitual way of life. Nevertheless, it is important to stick to the doctor’s prescriptions regarding nutrition. Also, on doctor’s order, it is necessary to undergo control analysis once every 2–3 months.
after the infection, the first symptoms of hepatitis B appear and liver cirrhosis develops
of patient develops liver cirrhosis providing improper treatment
of lethal outcomes from hepatitis are caused precisely by hepatitis B or C
Appointment for the consultation by a hepatologist of the REGENERATION Clinic
The doctor will prescribe an examination aimed at confirming or refuting the diagnosis, examining the liver. When establishing the diagnosis, related specialists may be involved
After receiving the analysis results confirming the presence of hepatitis B, the patient is prescribed an individual treatment regimen aimed at transferring the virus into the resting phase, treating liver fibrosis/cirrhosis, and supporting the patient’s life quality. If hepatitis B is not confirmed, additional tests may be prescribed to identify the cause of the patient’s poor health
The attending physician conducts regular monitoring of the treatment dynamics, and if necessary, adjusts the treatment regimen to achieve a positive result