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What is liver fibrosis?

Damage to liver cells (hepatocytes) by hepatitis B, C, D, alcohol, etc. leads to the growth of connective tissue in the liver, where it no longer performs its functions. This process is called liver fibrosis. Without proper treatment, which would prevent the growth of connective tissue in the liver and restore damaged cells, fibrosis progresses and leads to cirrhosis.

Лечение фиброза печени, фото 2 - Регенерация

Liver fibrosis: Symptoms and diagnostics

Often, liver fibrosis is asymptomatic, and it is impossible for the patient to self-identify it (especially at the initial stages). Sometimes, there is a decrease in performance efficiency, rapid fatigability, rapid emergence of bruises, haematomas. Explicit clinical manifestations can appear in 5–10 years — increased spleen, portal hypertension, stomach and oesophagus haemorrhage, decreased number of leukocytes. At the same time, the patient condition is relatively satisfactory.
To diagnose liver fibrosis and its stages, the following methods are mainly used:

  • Biochemical blood test (liver tests). The level of blood hepatic ALT and AST enzymes is evaluated
  • Liver ultrasound
  • Liver elastography (elastometry) to determine the severity of fibrosis
  • Liver biopsy (liver tissue collection to confirm the diagnosis; however, modern medicine use this method more and more rarely because of the presence of liver elastometry)

Liver fibrosis stages

There are 5 stages (grades) of liver fibrosis:

  • F0 — this stage is characterised by the absence of fibrosis, the liver is considered healthy.
  • liver fibrosis stage 1 (F1)
  • liver fibrosis stage 2 (F2)
  • liver fibrosis stage 3 (F3)
  • liver fibrosis stage 4 (F4) or cirrhosis

If the cause of liver fibrosis is viral hepatitis, the transition period from one stage to another (fibrosis proliferation) takes about 5 years on average. Fibrosis develops much faster at the last stages. In addition, the rate depends on whether the patient has got rid of a source of fibrosis (hepatitis virus or alcohol intake). The fibrosis degree is diagnosed by the liver elastometry.

What is important to know about liver fibrosis?

2–5 years

years are the period of the fibrosis worsening

5

stages of fibrosis

10–20 years

are life expectancy of people with liver fibrosis

What are the methods of liver fibrosis treatment?

Method of Treatment:

Standard Therapy

Method of the REGENERATION Clinic

Essence of treatment

treatment of the cause of fibrosis, as well as intake of the so-called hepatoprotectors, which only slow down fibrosis worsening

treatment of the cause of fibrosis and therapy aimed at complete liver restoration

Treatment outcome

slowing the disease progression; over time — the need for liver transplantation

the patient is healthy, active, lives a full long life

Life expectancy after treatment

5–10 years; and 5 more years providing successful liver transplantation

within the lifespan of a healthy person

How is liver fibrosis treated in the REGENERATION Clinic?

Step 1

Appointment for the consultation by a doctor of the REHENERATSIIA Clinic

Step 2

Examination of the patient, diagnostics of the cause of fibrosis and its degree

Step 3

Prescription of an individual treatment regimen aimed at eliminating the cause of fibrosis and restoring damaged liver cells

Step 4

Regular monitoring of the treatment dynamics, if necessary, adjustment of the treatment regimen, management of the patient until recovering

  • Providing the timely reference to a doctor, adhering to the recommendations and treatment by the method of the REGENERATION Clinic, the success of a complete liver tissue restoration is up to 97 % at any stage of fibrosis. An exception is the 4 stage of fibrosis (cirrhosis), where the percentage of full recovery is lower. However, even in such cases, therapy can significantly prolong the patient’s life and improve its quality
  • The treatment method available in the REGENERATION Clinic allows not only to stop the growth of liver fibrosis, but also to restore damaged hepatocytes. The clinic use only oral fibrosis therapy without discontinuing work. Sometimes, infusion drips are additionally prescribed (depending on the stage of fibrosis and its cause).

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Specially as a matter of convenience for non-resident and foreign patients, the REGENERATION Clinic provides an opportunity to receive online consultations by the best specialists in the field of hepatotherapy